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中级口译听力教程第三版2B

2. Talks and conversations. Listen and then choose the best answer to each question you hear. Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following news.

A demonstration against race prejudice threw thousands of people to central London this morning. It was organized by the labor party and the trade’s union congress. Under the banner united against racism. The march was led by several leading labor party and trade’s union officials. It was a column that stretched for over 2 miles and it took the demonstrators nearly 3 hours to cover the distance from speakers corner to Folliger Square. There are representatives from more than 20 major unions as well as community workers and various ethnic groups. By the time the march reached to the Folliger Square, an estimated 15,000 people have joined it.

Questions:

11) Where did the demonstration take place?

12) Who organized the demonstration?

13) What did the demonstrators protest against?

14) According to the news where did the demonstration march start?

15) About how many people joined the march?

Questions 16 through 20 are based on the following talk.

Welcome to our introductory course of nutrition. This first lecture will center on a very valuable member of the bean family, the soy bean. The soy bean is a highly nutritious bean, which can also serve as a meat substitute. Some people call soy beans incredible. Let me give you some examples of why the soy bean is so special. First of all when it is made into meal it enhances animal feeds. Secondly as soy flower it similarly and reaches the baked foods we humans eat. Thirdly as soy chips or flakes it is often included in cereals. And lastly in some countries, for example, in China, the soy bean is processed into virtually all fresh milk consume there. It is also the basic ingredient of the textured vegetable protein which brings a meat like taste and feel to vegetarian dishes. For many years soy beans were sought after in the United States only as a commercial agricultural crop. Now, however, the soy bean has been raised in backyard gardens. It is easy to grow, and as I pointed out before, beneficial in many ways.

Questions:

16) Who most probably is giving the talk?

17) What is the main idea of this talk?

18) What soy bean product can be used to enrich bake foods?

19) What is one important attribute of the soybean?

20) Which of the following statements is not true according to the talk?

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following talk.

Rembrandt, one of the greatest artists of all time was born in Lighton in the Netherlands. Many artists travel to far away lands, Rembrandt always stayed within 15 miles of his home, although he lived to be 63. Much of his life was spent in Amsterdam, then the richest town in Europe. In some of Rembrandt’s paintings, we see the rich clothes and jewels worn by people of that time in Amsterdam. During the first 10 years of his career, he was a famous and fashionable painter. Then something happened which ruined him. He became so poor that he had to sell all his furniture and even his rich velvet clothe. To make matters worse his wealthy wife died and her parents took the money she had left to him. The following incident ruined the sale of his paintings. The Amsterdam civic guard had paid him to paint a picture of them. Since he liked to light in shadow he painted the men as they were leaving the armory at noon to go on duty. The men stood inside were in such deep shadow that their faces could not be recognized. These men were very angry, the man in the sun light of course showed well. But their dissatisfaction did not make up for the anger of others. The picture is one of Rembrandt’s best. It is called the night watch although it was painted at noon.

Questions:

21) In which of the following countries was Rembrandt born?

22) What sort of painter was Rembrandt at the beginning of his career?

23) How did Rembrandt become poor?

24) Why did some men of the Amsterdam civic guard dislike Rembrandt’s painting?

25) Which of the following statements is true according to the talk?

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following conversation.

W: Would you take me to Heather Airport please?

M: You sound as if you are in a hurry.

W: I am afraid I am. I was late leaving the office, and the plane for Birmingham leaves at 7.

M: Don’t worry, Madam. I will get you there in time. It looks as if most people have already gone home today.

W: I hope so. I don’t want to arrive in Birmingham too late, or the hotel will think I am not coming, and I might lose my room.

M: There is plenty of time, Madam. I’ll just turn right up here we will get there in a minute or two.

W: Thank you. I do appreciate that. It feels as if you have a flat tire. Are your tires all right?

M: Yes, Madam. It’s this road. They keep on digging it up. I am sorry about that. But you did tell me to hurry and this is the shortest way.

W: No, no. That’s all right. I was just wondering. That’s all. It smells as if the last person was smoking here.

M: He was, I am afraid to say. It was a young man going to the hospital to see his wife. She has just had a baby. He said as if he was worried. I didn’t like to ask him to put it out. There is a no smoking sign in the back, but it doesn’t stop on people.

W: I know. It is the same in the office. I hate it when anybody smokes when I am eating my lunch. It makes the food taste as if it is burned. I don’t like to comment however, because it might cause bad feelings.

M: I know what you mean. Well, there you are. Heathrough is just inside. You’ve got plenty of time to check in and catch the plane.

W: Gosh, that was quick. Thank you so much. Here is 10 pounds to pay for the journey. There is no need to find me any change. Good-bye!

M: Thanks madam! Have a good journey. Bye!

Questions:

26) Where does the woman want the taxi driver to take her to?

27) Which city is the woman going to leave for?

28) Which of the following is not talked about in the conversation?

29) How much does the woman pay the driver?

30) Which of the following statements is true according to the conversation?

Part C. Listening and translation.

1. Sentence translation. Listen and translate each sentence you have heard into Chinese. Then write it in the space given below.

1) If you don’t pay the debt before the due day, we shall have to put the matter in the hands of our solicitors.

2) The management of planning to make more job cuts, if they made me redundant I will start my own business.

3) Sales revenues have gone up every year since we started in 2002, at one time they were doubling every month.

4) Many people spent as much as 90 percent of their lives indoors. Some experts feel that more people suffer from the affects of indoor air pollution than outdoor pollution.

5) Investigators in the US interviewed more than 4000 young people aged 15 to 26. They found that those who reported viewing more drink ads also consumed more alcohol.

2. Passage translation. Listen and translate each passage you have heard into Chinese. Then write it in the space given below. You may take notes while you are listening.

1) For 200 years Japan remained closed and isolated from the rest of the world. It was suspicious of western ways. Japan has now quickly caught up for the western technology. It may have even surpassed it. Japan has a population of over 116 million. The people are thickly settled on the 4 main islands. Since only one sixth of the land is arable, Japan relies on imported food. To pay for the imports Japan exports manufactured goods. Japan builds and sells cars, motorcycles, television sets, radios and cameras. Textiles and chemicals are also exported.

2) If someone is not confident of their abilities, I would encourage them to get a sales job in a retail establishment. Promotions come quickly in retail they will get experiences in all sorts of business disciplines, sales, buying, inventory control, income statements, and lots of other important knowledge. They will also get the chance to enter management and discover if they enjoy that relationship. If they decide to go out on their own they will have the basics for success along with their knowledge of their own strengths and weaknesses.

Unit 5. Part one. The inhabitants of a small island.

2. Exercises. 1. Listen to the passage about the life on a small island and then answer the following questions.

The inhabitants of a small island in the South Pacific discovered a plant which contained a powerful drug. This drug made it more difficult for them to think rationally. It stops them worrying about the future, and enables them to forget all their problems. At the same time it made it much easier for them to relax and enjoy themselves. So much so indeed that the whole population of the islands stopped working and spent all their time singing dancing and looking at the sea. Unfortunately this had a very bad effect on the country’s economy, and people began to run short of food. This however didn’t discourage the people from taking the drug. The prime minister made speeches on the TV, warning them about the drug. But nobody took any notice. And before long the economy was in ruins. This forced the government to make the drug illegal. But that only made the situation worse. The law couldn’t prevent the people from taking the drug which grew wild all over the island. On the contrary the fact that the drug was illegal merely encouraged people to take it. Eventually the government found a better solution. They exported the drug to other countries. This saved the islanders from having to work more than one day a week, and allowed them to spend the rest of their time sitting in the sun without a care of the world.

2. Listen again and then supply the missing information in the following passage.

Part 2. Statements. 2. Exercises. Listen and then choose the answer which is closest in meaning to the statements you hear.

1. Since the 1990s I have been to the southern part of Europe several times. But I wouldn’t mind another package holiday in Spain.

2. If Tom could have repaired the roof of his own house he wouldn’t have called in a builder and paid him a packet.

3. Jane said that she would be happy to come to our graduation. But she has to work on her assignment every evening this week.

4. I am kind of busy now and have no time to look at this proposal for you. How does late this afternoon sound?

5. I am not the only one in the school of economics to graduate with honors. There are a number of others.

6. Do you really ask me to cook for the children over the weekend? To be frank with you I would rather do anything but cook.

7. You have decided to take another semester of biology. You must be kidding. I know you didn’t even take the introductory course.

8. In my garden there are a great variety of plants. I grow some plants for their flowers and others for their leaves.

9. The other day Sally felt greatly embarrassed in the bank branch, because her check bounced with so many people looking at her strangely.

10. I have known Jack for so many years. If I had known he was in the hospital I would have visited him.

11. The earliest flight from Washington to New York is at 6 o’clock. If that’s full there is another one at 7 o’clock.

12. Alice is now taking an intensive spoken English course but her writing has obviously improved since she started to focus on written English.

13. These 2 months I had been doing a part time teaching job, so I have enough money to last the rest of the semester.

14. The summer position we advertized in the paper is still available. If you are interested why don’t you come to our office for an interview?

15. I spent the whole weekend totally absorbed in this biography. And I still haven’t finished reading it.

16. The woman must have been unfairly fined. She was just not strong enough to have caused so much damage.

17. Bored without those poorly constructed plots and unrealistic characters I never want to see another film about space travel.

18. People staying too long playing games in front of a computer, do so at the risk of their own health.

19. I hear that Michel turned down that job. Well, the hours were convenient, but she wouldn’t be able to make ends meet.

20. Tom sees no need of owning a car. He would sooner do without a car than pay all that money for one.

Part 3. 1. A tiny village in France. Listen to the following passage about a small village and then choose the correct answer to each question you hear.

Once every year for the last few years we have visited our friends in a small tiny little village in the middle of France. And they bought a cowshed, and it was literally a cowshed not fit to live in. And they have gradually made it better and renovated it. And it’s in a beautiful position. It’s on the top of a hill. And for miles around you can see this beautiful countryside. And I think only one another house. So you do need a car and you take the car into the tiny little village where there are about 4 or 5 shops and a very nice restaurant where you can go and have a 5 course meal for very little money. And also near is a very big lake, because this place is in the DorDon, and there are lots of lakes there. And we go there most afternoons and wind surf and sail. Also there is a very nice market, French Market, there once a week, where you get lovely parties, lovely fresh fish, really good fresh fish and lovely bowls and baskets which the local people have made. I like this part of France very much. But I think it’s a shame that there are too many English people there.

Questions:

1) How often does the speaker visit his friends in France?

2) In which part of France do his friends live?

3) What was their house before they modernized it?

4) Where is the house located?

5) According to the passage which of the following statements is not true?

2. I came from a small town. Listen to the following passage about a town in the US, and then choose the correct answer to each question you hear.

I come from a place, I come from the northern United States, Rochester Minnesota. It’s a town of about 50,000 people. And it’s a very clean town. It’s an ordinary town, fairly wealthy, but it’s a bit strange because there are a lot of transience, a lot of people who don’t live there. It’s the home of mild clinic. So there are thousands and thousands of people who come every year. The other thing is there are also a lot of foreign residents, a lot of doctors and nurses are from other countries, and so it makes what could be a really dull mid-west town something special. The library is very good. Cultural events are much more interesting than the rest of Minnesota, and actually it’s not a bad place to grow up. On the other hand I was dying to leave there. And all I could think of was getting away from the mid-west in the cold winters. You have about 6 months when it’s almost too cold to go outside. A lot of the buildings are designed so that you can walk from one to the other underground. There is a big pedestrian subway system so you can avoid all these snow.

Questions:

1) According to the passage what is unusual about the town as described by the speaker?

2) About how many people are there in the town?

3) Who are the foreign residents in the town?

4) In which parts of the United States is the town situated?

5) How does the speaker feel about being a child there?

6) How did the people in the town avoid the snow?

3. What kind of city is it? Listen to the following passage about Tokyo. And then choose the correct answer to each question you hear.

What kind of city is it? It’s a very modern city. I expected that Tokyo would be quite old. But there are very few parts of it which are old in fact at all. Because it was fire bombed during the second world war by the Americans. There are one or two temples that survived, but basically it’s a city that’s being built since 1945. A lot of it is low rise, one, two, three storeys houses because of the earthquake danger, because it gets lots of earthquakes. Once you have mastered a little bit of Japanese it’s relatively easy to get around Tokyo, because they get excellent subway system and it’s quick and easy to get around. The problem is of course Tokyo is the city of 13,14,15 million people and they all want to get around at exactly the same time. So especially if you are travelling in the rush hours, 8 o’clock in the morning, 5 o’clock at night, it is a question in many of the big stations being pushed onto the train. They paid students a bit of pocket money to do this. Right in the center of Tokyo is the Imperial Palace. And that’s set in delightful gardens, but it is completely closed to the public, so nobody have seen it. In the rest of Tokyo there are 10, 12 public gardens but they tend to get very filled up of people especially during national holidays. Other than that it’s just street after street, and block after block very similar houses as I say one or two storied houses which just go on and on for mile after mile, because Tokyo extends hundreds of square miles, a massive city.

Questions:

1) What’s special with most of the buildings in Tokyo?

2) Why is it relatively easy to get around Tokyo according to the speaker?

3) How do you get on the trains in the busy periods of the day?

4) Why is it a problem to go to the public gardens?

5) In which part of Tokyo is the Imperial Palace located?

Part 4. Listening and translation. 2. Exercises.

1. Sentence translation. Listen and translate each sentence you have heard into Chinese. Then write it in the space given below.

1) I am afraid we will have to change our appointment for tomorrow morning. Something unexpected came up. And I have to handle that first.

2) We wish to get in touch with the local firm and set up a joint venture. We are planning to expand into the Asian market.

3) I can’t decide now. I’ll have to phone my head office and inquire before I can give you a definite answer.

4) The meeting was cancelled because the chairman of the board came down with the flu. He will stay away from his office for the next 2 or 3 days.

5) Over 1 billion people world wide are over-weight. And that number will increase to 1.5 billion by 2015 unless current trends are reversed.

2. Passage translation. Listen and translate each passage you have heard into Chinese. Then write it in the space given below. You may take notes while you are listening.

1) Now in this industrial world people are inclined to choose material possessions. This is true of doctors too. The high income of doctor is the envy of the other people. Many high school graduates are eager to get into medical colleges, and countless girls consider doctors to be their best choice of husbands. For many years the public has charged that doctors in public hospitals demand money from patients. The amount of money the patients give determines the kind of treatment they receive.

2) Products of our company received considerable attention of the exhibition visitors. We held many efficient business meetings and our stand was visited by over 6000 people. We established new business net works. After the exhibition we continued working on contact established during the event. We are very happy with the results of participation. The results are very important for us that the exhibition was held in a new exhibition hall. It was very light and spacious and is very convenient both for exhibitors and visitors.
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