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gripe/[ɡraip]/ n。 紧握, 柄, 把手, 控制 vt。 抓紧, 抱住, 使。。。

2015年12月英语四级听力真题 第3套

Section A

  Directions : In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will bea pause.During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, Cand D,and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

1.A.Children should be taught to be more careful.

B.Children shouldn't drink so much orange juice.

C.There is no need for the man to make such a fuss.

D.Timmy should learn to do things in the right way.

2.A.Fitness training.

B.The new job offer.

C.Computer programming.

D.Directorship of the club.

3.A.He needs to buy a new sweater.

B.He has got to save on fuel bills.

C.The fuel price has skyrocketed.

D.The heating system doesn't work.

4.A.Committing theft.

B.Taking pictures.

C.Window shopping.

D.Posing for the camera.

5.A.She is taking some medicine.

B.She has not seen a doctor yet.

C.She does not trust the man's advice.

D.She has almost recovered from the cough.

6.A.Pamela's report is not finished as scheduled.

B.Pamela has a habit of doing things in a hurry.

C.Pamela is not good at writing research papers.

D.Pamela's mistakes could have been avoided.

7.A.In the left-luggage office.

B.At the hotel reception.

C.In a hotel room.

D.At an airport.

8.A.She was an excellent student at college.

B.She works in the entertainment business.

C.She is fond of telling stories in her speech.

D.She is good at conveying her message.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9.A.Arranging the woman's appointment with Mr.Romero.

B.Fixing the time for the designer's latest fashion show.

C.Talking about an important gathering on Tuesday.

D.Preparing for the filming on Monday morning.

10.A.Her travel to Japan.

B.The awards ceremony.

C.The proper hairstyle for her new role.

D.When to start the make-up session.

11.A.He is Mr.Romero's agent.

B.He is an entertainment journalist.

C.He is the woman's assistant.

D.He is a famous movie star.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12.A.Make an appointment for an interview.

B.Send in an application letter.

C.Fill in an application form.

D.Make a brief self-introduction on the phone.

13.A.Someone having a college degree in advertising.

B.Someone experienced in business management.

C.Someone ready to take on more responsibilities.

D.Someone willing to work beyond regular hours.

14.A.Travel opportunities.

B.Handsome pay.

C.Prospects for promotion.

D.Flexible working hours.

15.A.It depends on the working hours.

B.It is about 500 pounds a week.

C.It will be set by the Human Resources.

D.It is to be negotiated.

  Section B

  Directions..In this section, you will hear 3 short passages.At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.After youhear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A., B,Cand D..Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16.A.To give customers a wider range of choices.

B.To make shoppers see as many items as possible.

C.To supply as many varieties of goods as it can.

D.To save space for more profitable products.

17.A.On the top shelves.

B.On the bottom shelves.

C.On easily accessible shelves.

D.On clearly marked shelves.

18.A.Many of them buy things on impulse.

B.A few of them are fathers with babies.

C.A majority of them are young couples.

D.Over 60% of them make shopping lists.

19.A.Sales assistants promoting high margin goods.

B.Sales assistants following customers around.

C.Customers competing for good bargains.

D.Customers losing all sense of time.

Passage Two

Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.

20.A.Teaching mathematics at a school.

B.Doing research in an institute.

C.Studying for a college degree.

D.Working in a hi-tech company

21.A.He studied the designs of various clocks.

B.He did experiments on different materials.

C.He bought an alarm clock with a pig face.

D.He asked different people for their opinions.

22.A.Its automatic mechanism.

B.Its manufacturing process.

C.Its way of waking people up.

D.Its funny-looking pig face.

Passage Three

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

23.A.It is often caused by a change of circumstances.

B.It actually doesn't require any special treatment.

C.It usually appears all of a sudden.

D.It generally lasts for several years.

24.A.They cannot mix well with others.

B.They irrationally annoy their friends.

C.They depend heavily on family members.

D.They blame others for ignoring their needs.

25.A.They lack consistent support from peers.

B.They doubt their own popularity.

C.They were born psychologically weak.

D.They focus too much on themselves.

Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have justheard.Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  There was a time when any personal information that was gathered about us was typed on a piece of paper and(26) in a file cabinet.It could remain there for years and, often(27), never reach the outside world.

  Things have done a complete about-face since then.(28) the change has been the astonishingly(29) development in recent years of the computer.Today, any data that is 30 about us in one place or another--and for one reason or another--can be stored in a computer bank.It can then be easily passed to other computer banks.They are owned by individuals and by private businesses and corporations, lending 31 , direct mailing and telemarketing firms, credit bureaus, credit card companies, and(32) at the local, state, and federal level.

  A growing number of Americans are seeing the accumulation and distribution of computerized data as a frightening(33 )of their privacy.Surveys show that the number of worried Americans has been steadily growing over the years as the computer becomes increasingly (34), easier to operate, and less costly to purchase and maintain.In 1970, a national survey showed that percent of the people(35)felt their privacy was being invaded.Seven years later, percent expressed the same worry.Arecent survey by a credit bureau revealed that the number of alarmed citizens had shot up to percent.

  1.C.四个选项中出现了children,careful,juice和Timmy等词,故推测本题考查的内容与孩子的行为相关.

  对话中,男士抱怨说他都不知道该拿蒂米怎么办了,今天早上,他发现桔子汁在厨房洒了一地,而女士则说,别对蒂米太严厉了,他才四岁.由此可见,女士认为男士不用小题大做,故答案为C.

  2.A.四个选项均为名词短语,且出现了fitness,job,computer和club等词,故推测本题考查的内容与健身或者工作相关.

  对话中,女士向男士询问俱乐部健身锻炼的事情,男士则说他会带着女士去找专门负责新会员的经理.由此可知,女士是对俱乐部健身锻炼感兴趣,故答案为A.

  3.B.四个选项中出现了sweater,save,fuel bills和heating等词,故推测本题考查的内容与寒冷天气以及取暖相关.

  对话中,女士说她觉得很冷,问能不能把暖气开大一点,而男士则表示抱歉,说自己没钱了,都快付不起燃料费账单了,建议女士穿上毛衣.由此可知,男士想要节省燃料费,故答案为B.

  4.A.四个选项均为动名词短语,且出现了theft,pictures,shopping和camera等词,故推测本题考查的内容与商店里发生的事情相关.

  对话中,男士要将女士带到保安室去,并说商店里的摄像头已经把女士所做的事都录下来了,而女士则表示自己什么都没有做,如果男士敢侮辱她的话,她就报警.由此可知,男士认为女士偷了商店里的东西,故答案为A.

  5.B.选项均以she开头,且出现了medicine,doctor和cough等词,故推测本题考查的内容与女士的健康状况相关.

  男士说女士应该马上去看医生,而女士则说再等几天,她相信自己的咳嗽很快就会好的.由此可知,直到本对话发生时,女士都还没有去看医生,故答案为B.

  6.D.四个选项均提到了Pamela,且出现了report,hurry,writing和mistakes等词,故推测本题考查的内容与帕米拉的报告相关.

  对话中,男士说他听说帕米拉的实验报告出了很多错,而女士则说,如果她不是那么急着做完的话,就不会出这么多的错.由此可知,帕米拉实验报告中的错误本来是可以避免的,故答案为D.

  7.C.四个选项均是表示地点的介词短语,故推测本题考查的内容与对话发生的地点相关.

  对话中,男士说他们最好能在中午l2点之前退房,现在只剩半小时了,女士建议加快速度,并让男士去付账,她自己给前台打电话,叫人把行李送到楼下.由此可知,对话发生的时候,两人还没有开始办理退房手续,还在宾馆的房间里,故答案为C..

  8.D.四个选项均以she开头,且出现了college,works,speech和message等词,可以推测本题考查的内容与女士的情况相关.

  对话中,女士问男士以前是否听过这个演讲者的讲座,男士说他听过,并认为这位演讲的女士很棒,她不仅将自己的观点表达得很清楚,而且讲得很有趣.由此可知,这位女演讲者擅长传达自己想要传达的信息,故答案为D.

  9.What are the speakers doing?

  A.对话开头男士说罗梅罗先生急着见女士,可能是想让女士出演他导演的新电影,女士说一定得把他安排进来.由此可以推断,对话中的两人正在安排女士的时间,好让她能够与罗梅罗先生见面,故答案为A.

  10.What is the woman going to discuss with her agent over lunch on Monday?

  B.对话中,男士告诉女士她周一需要和自己的经纪人吃午饭,讨论一下关于颁奖仪式的事情,故答案为B.

  11.What do we learn from the conversation about the man?

  C.对话中,男士和女士一起讨论女士的日程安排,从第一句罗梅罗先生想要让女士出演他导演的新电影可知,女士是位电影演员,而男士对女士的日程安排非常了解,并且由最后一句可知,男士服从女士的安排.综合这些内容可以推断出,男士是女士的助理,故答案为C.

  12.What does the woman say an applicant should do first to apply for the job?

  B.对话开头,男士表示他对女士公司销售经理的职位感兴趣,请女士给她发一份申请表,而女士则让男士直接寄一封书面的求职申请信.因此,如果男士想要申请这份工作,他首先应该做的就是寄一份书面申请信,故答案为B.

  13.What kind of a person is the company looking for?

  D.对话中女士明确说,他们需要能够长时间工作的员工,而当男士要求她再进一步解释的时候,她说这份工作经常需要在周末出差.由此可知,这份工作需要能够在非正常工作时间加班,故答案为D.

  14.What does the man like most about the job?

  A.对话中,男士明确表示职位广告中出差这一要求吸引了他,这也正是他想要得到这份工作的原因,故答案为A.

  15.What does the woman say about the salary if the man is accepted by the company?

  D.对话中男士问到了薪水问题,而女士回答说这还有待讨论,部分取决于男士的工作经历以及教育背景.由此可以推断,即使男士得到了这一职位,他的薪水待遇也不是明确规定好了的,而是得再商议,故答案为D.

  16.Why are essential goods displayed in totally different parts of the supermarket?

  B.短文开头提到,超市希望顾客看到尽可能多的商品,这就是为什么他们会把生活必需品分散摆放的原因,故答案为B..

  17.Where are goods with a high profit margin usually found?

  C.短文中提到,利润高的商品所摆放的位置都是顾客容易够到的地方,也就是在那些容易接触到的货架上,故答案为C.

  18.What does the speaker say about supermarket goers?

  A.短文中提到,虽然很多人在去超市之前会列一张购物清单,但还是有60%左右的购买行为是在购物现场决定的.因此,大部分去超市购物的人都有冲动消费的行为,故答案为A.

  19.What shouldn't be too surprising according to the speaker?

  D.短文临近结尾时提到了一次采访,接受采访的顾客通常感觉自己仅在超市里待了半个小时,而实际上他们已经待了超过45分钟了.因此,调查发现,顾客在超市中没有了时间感,而这一现象并不奇怪,故答案为D.

  20.What was Matty Sallin doing when he created an alarm clock?

  C.短文一开始就说,马蒂·赛尔林在大学攻读艺术和技术学位时,曾有一项有趣的任务是发明家用器具,因此,他决定发明一个闹钟.由此可知,他当时还在读大学,故答案为C.

  21.What did Matty Sallin do before making the new type of alarm clock?

  D.短文中提到,在马蒂·赛尔林决定设计一款新闹钟时,他先征求了不同的人关于闹钟的想法,然后才开始动手制作,故答案为D.

  22.What makes the newly invented alarm clock so unique?

  C.短文提到,在征求了多人的意见后,赛尔林发现人们对闹钟感到最不满的是它吵闹的叫醒方式,而且人们最希望在受到烤腌肉香味的诱惑中醒来,所以,他才自己动手创造出了一款能够定时烤制腌肉,然后将香味散发出去,使人从梦中醒来的闹钟,故答案为C.

  23.What does the speaker say about situational loneliness?

  A.短文中提到了三种类型的孤独,其中第二类为情景孤独,而短文中在对这一类孤独的介绍中指出,它通常是由于环境的变化所引起的,故答案为A.

  24.What problem will people have if they experience habitual loneliness?

  A.短文中在提到habitual loneliness时说,那些经历习惯性孤独的人在社交方面存在问题,无法亲近他人,也就是说,他们不合群,不能与他人融洽地交往,故答案为A.

  25.Why do some people suffer loneliness according to psychologists?

  B.短文末尾部分提到,心理学家发现,虽然孤独的人可能有许多社交,但他们有时觉得自己应该有更多的社交,他们质疑自己的受欢迎程度.故答案为B.

  26.locked away.此处应该填人动词的过去分词或词组,与句中的typed并列,构成被动语态.locked away意为“把……锁起来”.

  27.forgotten此处应该填入动词过去分词构成的形容词,表示状态.forgotten意为“被遗忘的”.该句指出,个人信息放在那里多年,根本就没有重见天日的机会.因此,它们是“被遗忘的”.

  28.Responsible for.该空所在句是一个倒装句,其正常语序应该是The astonishingly 29development in recent years of the computer has been 28 the change.所以该空应该填人一个形容词或词组作表语.responsible for意为“对……负责,对……承担责任”.

  29.swift.此处应该填入形容词,被副词astonishingly修饰的同时,修饰名词development,合在一起,表示“惊人地快速发展”.swift意为“快速的”.

  30.collected.此处应该填入动词的过去分词,与is一起构成被动语态.collected意为“收集”.

  31.institutions.此处应该填入一个名词,被lending修饰.institutions意为“机构”.

  32.government agencies.此处应该填入一个名词或名词词组,与前面的名词或词组并列.government agencies意为“政府机构”.

  33.invasion .此处应填入一个名词,被形容词frightening修饰.invasion意为“侵犯”.

  34.efficient.此处应填入一个形容词,被前面的副词increasingly修饰.efficient意为“有效率的”.

  35.questioned.此处应填人一个形容词或动词分词形式作people的后置定语.questioned意为“被问到的”.
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