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英语专业八级考试易考范文背诵50篇 Topic 2

[00:00.57]Topic 2 Are Nowadays College Graduates Not as Competent as Before?

[00:07.42]As an economic rule goes, when supply outweighs demand,

[00:11.18]the price decreases.

[00:13.07]The same seems true for the current situation for college graduates.

[00:17.64]Since 1999,

[00:19.17]the central government has implemented the Grand College Enrollment Plan,

[00:23.37]with the total number of college graduates

[00:25.59]on the increase in the following years.

[00:28.35]But the boomed economy does not provide enough jobs

[00:31.40]for those graduates coming out at a time.

[00:33.79]Therefore,

[00:35.21]many people reason that college graduates are not

[00:37.88] as competent as before

[00:40.01]for many of them have difficulties in finding jobs.

[00:43.30]But I disagree with this conclusion.

[00:45.44]Firstly, admittedly,

[00:47.33]there are some college graduates who are not competent,

[00:50.69]but these students can not represent all the students.

[00:54.31]Due to the Grand College Enrollment Plan,

[00:57.02]more and more high school students have access to the higher education.

[01:01.50]Inevitably, the standard has been lowered;

[01:04.24]otherwise, university can not admit so many applicants.

[01:09.04]While those smart students in high schools

[01:11.10]are more likely to have excellent performance,

[01:13.97]other not-so-good students would have difficulties in college learning.

[01:18.89]As a result,

[01:20.11]those graduates with bad performance in college can not

[01:23.46]demonstrate the value of higher learning to the society

[01:28.00]and hence they gradually form the incompetent image of college graduates.

[01:32.43]Secondly,

[01:33.60]those who hold this negative opinion

[01:35.55]do not take the social context into consideration.

[01:39.12]As is known,

[01:40.30]in the period when China carried out planned economic policies,

[01:44.08]college graduates did not need to

[01:45.76]worry about their jobs,

[01:47.99]for “iron-bowls” waited for them after graduation.

[01:51.20]But after the reform of higher education,

[01:54.15]college graduates have to find jobs for themselves.

[01:58.00]When hundreds of thousands of graduates compete

[02:00.19]for a limited number of job vacancies,

[02:02.78]there are inevitably many who can not procure ideal jobs.

[02:06.77]Besides,

[02:07.85]employment is always influenced by global and national economy.

[02:11.36]When economy slows down,

[02:13.24]the corporate world would not recruit as many employees as before.

[02:18.35]For example, in 2009, many college graduates,

[02:22.30]from both prestigious universities and less-known universities,

[02:25.85]have difficulties in hunting jobs.

[02:28.89]In this sense,

[02:29.86]it is not college graduates that are incompetent,

[02:33.10]instead, it is the social context that is unfavorable to college graduates.

[02:38.54]As factors combine to lead to a result,

[02:41.29]one can not simply reach conclusions without

[02:43.82] taking various factors into account.

[02:46.68]Otherwise, one would make reductionist mistakes.

[02:50.25]In this case, those who think college students are not

[02:53.27]as competent as before have made this kind of mistake.

[02:56.90]They just attribute college graduates’ difficulties

[02:59.81]in finding jobs to their incompetence,

[03:02.42]without exploring the social and economic situations.
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